Disability: relationship to problemable 1 billion people, about 15% of the world’s population, have some form of disability. Moreover, the rates of disability are increasing worldwide, however, remains unresolved a whole complex of social, economic, psychological-pedagogical and medical problems.
Prejudice, indifference and fear are social factors, which for many years led to the isolation of people with disabilities. Surrounding, knowing is not enough, I think that people with disabilities can be aggressive, but that aggression provokes an invalid response. The integration of people with problems in the development of society depends on the attitude of the society towards these people, from the awareness of others about the life, characteristics of persons with disabilities.
New research shows that almost one-fifth of the estimated total of persons with disabilities in the world, that is, from 110 to 190 million people encounter very significant difficulties. Few countries have adequate mechanisms to meet the needs of people with disabilities. Barriers include stigma and discrimination, lack of appropriate services in health care and rehabilitation, and inaccessible transport, buildings and information and communication technologies. As a result, people with disabilities have lower health, achievements in education and participation in economic development and higher rates of poverty than people without disabilities.
What are the barriers associated with disabilities?!
Inadequate policies and standards
When policies are not always responsive to the needs of disabled or not implemented existing policies and standards. Among the most common deficiencies in the educational policy include the lack of financial and other targeted incentives for school attendance children with disabilities, and a lack of services in the field of social protection and support of children with disabilities and their families.
A negative attitude
Preconceptions and prejudices create barriers to education, employment, health care and participation in social life. False representation of employers about what people with disabilities allegedly are less efficient than their colleagues — not disabled, and the lack of available measures to improve modes of work and rest limit employment opportunities.
Lack of service
Persons with disabilities are much more vulnerable to deficiencies in services such as health care, rehabilitation, and support and assistance.
Problems with the provision of services
Poor coordination of services, inadequate staffing and low level of staff training can affect the quality, availability and adequacy of services for people with disabilities. The probability of the inattentive attitude towards the sick is four times higher, and the probability of failure in the provision of health care is approximately three times higher than for other patients. Many social workers have low wages and inadequate training.
Lack of funding
Resources allocated to implementing policies or plans are often lacking. Deficit funding is the main barrier to sustainable service delivery in countries and regions belonging to different groups by income level. The state cannot provide adequate services and commercial service providers are physically or economically inaccessible to the majority. The analysis shows that people with disabilities experience a lot more difficulties than non-disabled people, in obtaining the right to free or reduced health care.
The lack of availability
Many buildings (including public facilities) and transport systems are not accessible to people with disabilities. The lack of access to transport for disabled people is a common cause of failure from finding work or limiting factor in the accessibility of health care.
Inadequate information and communication
In accessible formats there is little information, and many of the needs of people with disabilities in the field of communication are not satisfied. Deaf people often experience inconvenience with access to sign language. People with disabilities are significantly less used information and communication technologies than non-disabled people. In some cases, they may not have access to even basic goods and services such as telephony, TV and Internet.
The lack of consultation and inclusion in public life
Most people with disabilities do not participate in the decision-making processes on issues that directly affect their lives. For example, people with disabilities receiving support at home, are not able to choose services or to control their provision.
The lack of data and experience
The lack of accurate and comparable data on disability, as well as experience implementing effective programs. Awareness of the total population and the living conditions of disabled people can contribute to the effectiveness of efforts aimed at removing barriers related to disability, and the provision of services that will allow people with disabilities to participate in public life.
Disability is part of human existence. Almost every person in the course of life may have temporary or permanent violations, and those who survive to older age, can have great difficulty functioning. Disability is a complex phenomenon, and interventions to overcome prejudice associated with disability are complex and systemic in nature and vary depending on specific conditions. You need to instill in society the desire to give moral support to people with disabilities. To help the disabled person it means, first of all, to perceive and understand his world, a human world in need of careful and heartfelt respect!